The Islamic world is far from homogeneous. There are a few geopolitical units, each of which relies on distinct historical, religious, cultural and civilizational trends, conducting independent strategic line both globally and locally. In addition to fundamentalism in Islam, there are many other versions and trends. But more importantly for the concept of “Islamic fundamentalism” is somewhat not just different, but contradictory trends. Not realizing this, we will not be able to adequately understand or sense what is happening today crisis events in Chechnya and Dagestan (also in the North Caucasus and the looming disaster in other areas with the Muslim population on the territory of the Russian Federation), or what is happening in the Islamic world as a whole.
The destabilization of the Islamic world is the grand strategy of the US in order to eliminate any alternative poles to its hegemony. Russia, China, India, and the EU should be aware of this danger that is against multipolarity, and mediate between Sunnis and Shiites to avoid a civil war in the Islamic world while it is still in the preliminary stage. Muslim countries should seek dialogue and instead of using sectarian beliefs for their national interests, prefer peace and diplomacy to solve conflicts, focus on economic development to prevent poverty that feeds unrest among Muslims, democratize their political systems to represent different groups in their countries, and contribute to world civilization by interacting with other civilizations in terms of peace, diplomacy, economic, and cultural cooperation.
Remember that the English agent John Philby was the chief counsellor of King Ibn Saud, the usurper of the custody of the Holy Places, who made of the Wahhabist heresy the official ideology of Saudi Arabia. The Wahhabist kingdom, historical ally of Anglo-American imperialists, has generously financed and supported the Islamist groups. Now these groups have found another Wahhabist cashier, the Qatari Emir; housing Aljazeera and the regional seat of US Central Headquarters, Al-Thani is trying to adopt a role of leader in the Arab world and has become the main competitor of Saudi Arabia in the pro-American coalition. This way, who pays for the musicians, decides the music, which is after all an American music.
Here in the media some coverage on the topic of the public execution of a Sufi Sheikh in the Sinai by militants of the Caliphate. Grandfather was over 100 years old and he enjoyed great authority among the local peasants, preaching a moderate lifestyle and tolerance for others. Naturally, this approach to Islam is not acceptable to followers of DAESH, so they dealt with him as an ideological opponent who was preventing them from poisoning the natives with the spirit of radical jihadism.
Indonesia is home to hundreds of ethnic groups, but is based on the Malays. Malay culture is a different story. They’re not like anyone – neither the Indians nor the Chinese or the peoples of Oceania, the Polynesians or Papuans. In principle, we are dealing with a distinctive civilization, concealed at first under cover of Hinduism, then of Islamization, then European colonization, and in the 20th century under the guise of modernization – at first strictly nationalist under President Sukarno and his successor Suharto, and today is liberal – since the presidency of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and up to date with Joko Widodo and Jusuf Kalla. But whatever form or take Indonesia, she is Malay. If we want to understand it, we must first understand Malay identity.
Our esoterism is not to be defended but vindicated: Alawites do not follow a secret faith. It is solely based on the idea of worshiping God. Esoterism is with us and within us.
The secret perhaps is that Iran’s Islam is very different. And policy there is very different. And the Iranians themselves – a separate nation, a civilization which flourished long before Islam. In Iran is dominated by Shia, contemplative, refined, exquisite Islam. In the main it is the mystical dimension and the particular Iranian self-esteem. The meaning of Shia is to build an ideal society, without discrimination, violence, exploitation, fair, moral, and pure.And since historically Muslims dominated the coarser attitudes and principles, the Shia have always been the martyrs, always in minority, always persecuted. But they have not abandoned their faith, their culture expectations, farhangi incisor. And they waited.