A society in which money rules, indeed. This fateful society. Only in a society in which death rules is the Great Return is possible. But as long as there are people, there is a choice. Revolt against the modern world is the gesture of Return. Death is not the price, but the reward.
In Berdyaev’s philosophy of freedom, the most important thing is the fundamental idea of a person. A person realizes his own, human dignity, making a choice, absolutely dependent on his will. After a person makes a choice, he is no longer free from his own choice. His freedom ends where the moment of making a choice comes.
Dugin advocates the ideal of Empire for the Russian political organization, not to be simply compared to the Tsarist or to the Stalinist regimes, both lacking the deepest conceptual understanding of people. Although in terms of territory the Russian Empire could more or less equal those of the former political formations, what is involved here is the congregation of the same civilizational spirit, as it is clearly stated in many of his books (“The Fourth Political Theory”, “Geopolitics of the Multipolar World”, “International Relations”, “The Geopolitics of Contemporary Russia”).
In modern times, the greatest ideologue of this thinking current is Alexander Dugin. His declination shifted the focus from the “third way” to transforming the ideological background into a metaphorical cauldron-shaped cauldron in which it ripples a bit of everything: esotericism, theories of the new right, realistic socialism, aesthetic elements of economic discourse Marxist. The resulting chaos has drawn political forces from every corner of the spectrum, right and left, identifying a common enemy in the United States – as a country and as a civilization – and in liberalism as an ideological, moral and (only sometimes) economic.
A well-known Russian philosopher and political scientist Alexander Dugin said that Russian President Vladimir Putin is separated from the Russian people by a “concreted bunker”, which consists of representatives of the Russian elite. The Russian elite Dugin divided into three conditional parties: corrupt officials, spies and morons.
The second humanism draws attention to the fact that the subject (cogito of Descartes) is not an immanent given, but a concept associated with a certain culture and, accordingly, with παιδεια, that is, educational and scientific practices. Here science comes to the understanding that the dismantling of medieval dogmas has led to the emergence of a new dogmatism – the dogmas of the Enlightenment – the subject, object, reality, matter, cognition, rationality, progress, history, etc. So the prerequisites are laid for what later turned into Postmodern, which, as we shall see later, was, in fact, a false start.
What is unconditional in monitoring the state of the present unipolarity is its subjective assessment. It is unanimously pessimistic. Even if the view that liberal democracy is the lesser of evils still prevails, today, in the absence of a formal opposition, the emphasis shifts from the word “less” to the word “evil.” A unipolar status quo is recognized by the majority of humanity, but the same majority sees the situation in alarming tones. Important: what is, no longer causes enthusiasm and, on the contrary, awakens more fears, fears and unpleasant surprises. Yes, the world is as it is, but it is some kind of a wrong world, standing on the verge of something terrible. The subjective factor has in society, in civilization a huge (if not decisive) value. If we treat an event as a success, it will be a success. If as a failure, it will be a failure. The unipolar moment today is almost unanimously qualified as a failure, as an end, as the threshold of a catastrophe, although – if we ignore the subjective assessment – everything in the world is built in the way or almost as planned by the liberals and supporters of the global victory of the West. The victory was achieved, but it turned out to be quite different than expected.