FOUNDATIONS OF GEOPOLITICS

Alexander Dugin

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http://arctogaia.com/public/osnovygeo/geopol0.htm#1

FOUNDATIONS

OF

GEOPOLITICS

Summary


Editorial Note

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Definition of Geopolitics

Chapter 2. Tellurocracy and Thalassocracy

Chapter 3. The Geopolitical Teleology

Chapter 4. Rimland and “boder-zones”

Chapter 5. Geopolitics as the Destiny


PART 1. The Fathers-founders of Geopolitics

Chapter 1. Friedrich Ratzel — the States as the spatial organisms

1.1 Education: the german “organicistic school”

1.2 The States as the spatial organisms

1.3 Raum is the political organisation of ground

1.4 The Law of Expansion

1.5 Weltmacht and the sea

Chapter 2. Rudolf Kjellen and Friedrich Nauman — “Meddle Europe”

2.1 The definition of new scince

2.2 The State as form of life and interests of Germany

2.3 Concept of Middle Europe

Chapter 3. Halford Mackinder — “Geographical Pivot of History”

3.1 Scientist and politician

3.2 Geografical Pivot of History

3.3 The key positions of Russia

3.4 Three geopolitical periods

Chapter 4. Alfred Mahan — “Sea Power”

4.1 Sea Power

4.2 The Sea civilization = the mercenary civilization

4.3 Subjugation of world by the United States – Manifest Destiny

Chapter 5. Vidal de la Blache — “France versus Germany”

5.1 Geographical picture of France

5.2 Possibilism

5.3 France at the side of Sea Power

Chapter 6. Nicholas Spykman — “Revision of Mackinder, central importance of rimland”

6.1 In service of America

6.2 Corrections of Mackinder

6.3 Power determining scale

6.4 Meadland Ocean

6.5 Architect of american victory

Chapter 7. Carl Haushofer — “Kontinental Blocke”

7.1 War and Reflection

7.2 New Eurasian Order

7.3 Compromice with thalassocracy

Chapter 8. Carl Shmitt — “Hippopotamus versus Leviathan”

8.1 Conservative revolution

8.2 Nomos of Land

8.3 Land and Sea

8.4 Grossraum

8.5 Total War and the figure of “partisan”

Chapter 9. Petr Savitsky — “Eurasia, Midland, Heartland”

9.1 Destiny of Eurasia

9.2 Turan

9.3 Mestorazvitie, Place of Development

9.4 Ideocracy

9.5 USSR and Evrasiistvo

Chapter 10. Geopolitics as the instrument of national politic

10.1 Planetary dualism — the basic law of geoplitic

10.2 The geopolitician can not not to be engaged

10.3 The destiny of scientists — the destiny of States


PART 2. Modern geopolitic theories and schools (the second part of XX century)

Chapter 1. General review

Chapter 2. Modern Atlantism

2.1 Followers of Spykman — D.W.Meining, W.Kirk, S.B.Cohen, C.Gray, G.Kissinger

2.2 Atlantists won the cold war

2.3 Airocracy and Etherocracy

2.4 Two versions of modern Atlantism

2.5 Clash of civilizations: neoatlantism of Huntington

Chapter 3. Mondialism

3.1 Prehistory of mondialism

3.2 Theory of convergence

3.3 Planetary victory of West

3.4 “End of History” of Francis Fucuyma

3.5 “Geoeconomics” of Jack Attali

3.6 Postcatastrofical mondialism of professor Santoro

Chapter 4. Applied Geopolitics

4.1 “Internal Geopolitics” — Yves Lacost school

4.2 Electorial “geopolitics”

4.3 Mediocracy as the “geopolitical factor”

4.5 “Internal Geopolitics” are not geopolitics

Chapter 5. Geopolitics of European “new right”

5.1 Europe of hundered flags — Alain de Benoist

5.2 Europe from Vladivostok to Dublin — Jean Thiriart

5.3 Thinking by continents — Jordis von Lohausen

5.4 Eurasian Empire of the End — Jean Parvulesco

5.5 The Indian Ocean as the way to the world supremasy — Robert Steukers

5.6 Russia + Islam = ruscue for Europe — Carlo Terracciano

Chapter 6. Neoeurasiistvo

6.1 Eurasian passionarity — Lev Gumiliev

6.2 The new russian eurasian

6.3 Toward the new biopoliarity


PART 3. Russia and the space

Chapter 1. Heartland

Chapter 2. The problem of Rimland

Chapter 3. Assembling the Empire

Chapter 4. Warm and cold seas


PART 4. The geopolitical future of Russia

Chapter 1. The necessity of the radical alternative

Chapter 2. What are “russian national intrests”

2.1 Today russians don’t have a State

2.2 Concept of “postempire legitimacy”

2.3 Russians as people– the center of the geopolitic concept

Chapter 3. Russia is inconceivable without an Empire

3.1 The absence of “state-nation” for russians

3.2 Russians — the nation of Empire

3.3 The trap of the rigional state

3.4 Critique of the soviet State system

3.5 Critique of the czarist State system

3.6 To the New Eurasian Empire

Chapter 4. Redivision of the world

4.1 The Land and the Sea. The common enemy

4.2 The West axis: Moscow — Berlin. European Empire and Eurasia

4.3 Moscow — Tokyo axis. The pan-asian project. To the eurasian Trilateral committee

4.4 Moskow — Teheran axis. Central Asiatic Empire. Pan-arabian project

4.5 Empire of many Empires

Chapter 5. The destiny of Russia in empire Eurasia

5.1 Geopolitical magic in national views

5.2 Russian nationalism. Ethnic demography and the Empire

5.3 Russian question after the comming victory

Chapter 6. Military aspects of the Empire

6.1 Priority of nucler and intercontinental potential

6.2 What forces needs great Russia?

Chapter 7. Technologies and resources

7.1 Technological deficit

7.2 Russian resources

Chapter 8. Economic aspects of “New Empire”

8.1 Economics of “Third Way”

8.2 Economic regionalism

Chapter 9. Conclusion


PART 5. Internal geopolitics of Russia

Chapter 1. The object and method

1.1 Internal geopolitics of Russia depend on its planetary function

1.2 Internal geopolitics and military doctrine

1.3 The center and circumference

1.4 Internal axes (geopolitic beams)

Chapter 2. Way to the North

2.1 Model of analysis

2.2 Geopolitical disposition of russian Arctic zone

2.3 North + North

2.4 North + Center

2.5 Finnish question

2.6 North and not North

2.7 Summary

Chapter 3. The challenge of the East

3.1 “Internal East” (the range of notice)

3.2 Zone of “russian Siberia” (the structure)

3.3 Trench warfare for Lenalend

3.4 Capital of Siberia

Chapter 4. New geopolitic order of South

4.1 New geopolitical order of South

4.2 Zones and mountain-borders

4.3 The Balkans

4.4 Problem of sovereign Ukraine

4.5 Between the Black and the Caspian Seas

4.6 New geopolitical order in Middle Asia

4.7 The Fall of China

4.8 From the Balkans to Manchuria

Chapter 5. Treat of West

5.1 Two aspects of West

5.2 Demolish the “sanitary cordon”

5.3 Baltic Federation

5.4 Catholics-slavs enter the Middle Europe

5.5 Unification of Byelorussia and Velicorussia

5.6 Geopolitical decomposition of Ukraine

5.7 Roumania and Moldavia — integration . Under what badge?

5.8 The Proviso: Ground but not blood


PART 6. Eurasian analysis

Chapter 1. Geopolitics of Orthodoxy

1.1 The East and West of Cristian oecumena

1.2 The post-Byzantine Orthodoxy

1.3 The Petersburg period

1.4 National immunity of Orthodox nations

1.5 Megale idea !

1.6 The Inscription

1.7 Great Roumania

1.8 Great Bulgaria

1.9 Orthodoxy Albania

1.10 Geopolitic lobby in Orthodoxy countries

1.11 Russian Orthodox Church and Soviet regim

1.12 Summary

Chapter 2. State and territory

2.1 The three most important geopolitical categories

2.2 Regionalism of right and left ideologies

2.3 The New Large Area: mondialism or Empire?

2.4 Geopolitics of Russia

Chapter 3. Geopolitical problems of formerly Soviet Republics

3.1 Laws of Large Area

3.2 Pax Americana and mondialism geopolitics

3.3 The antinome of Russia

3.4 Russia remains the “Axes of History”

3.5 Mitteleuropa and European Empire

3.6 Germany is the heart of Europe

3.7 “To join the Europe”

3.8 Borders of liberty and lost advantages

3.9 “Sanitary cordon”

3.10 Conversion from province to colony

3.11 Asia in front of the choice

3.12 Continental perspectives of “Islamic Revolution”

3.13 The trap of “pan-Tiurkim”

3.14 Oil-dollars and mondialism

3.15 Two poles as minimum or… death

Chapter 4. Perspectives of civil war

4.1 National interests and mondialist lobby

4.2 Variants of forces arrangement

4.3 Results of analysis

Chapter 5. Geopolitics of Yugoclavian conflict

5.1 Simbolism of Yugoslavia

5.2 Three European powers

5.3 The truth of Croats

5.4 The truth of Serbs

5.5 The truth of Yugoslavian Moslems

5.6 The truth of Macedonians

5.7 Priorities of Yugoslavian conflict

5.8 Serbia — it is Russia

Chapter 6. From sacred geography to geopolitics

6.1 Geopolitics — the intermediate science

6.2 Land and Sea

6.3 Simbolism of landscape

6.4 East and West in sacred geography

6.5 East and West in modern geopolitics

6.6 Sacred North and sacred South

6.7 Men of North

6.8 Men of South

6.9 North and West at the East and at the West

6.10 From continents to metacontinents

6.11 Illusion of “rich North”

6.12 Antinome of the “Third World”

6.13 Role of the “Second World”

6.14 Project of “Resurrection of North”


PART 7.Texts of classics of Geopolitics

Helford Mackinder. Geografical Pivot of History

Petr Savitsky. Geographic and geopolitical aspects of Eurasianism

Jan Thiriart. Superhuman communism (the letter to German reader)

Carl Schmitt. Planetary tension between East and West and oppposition of Land and Sea


PART 8. Instead of conclusion

Apocalypse of elements (From geopolitics to the philosophy of history — the thought about the theory of elements by Carl Scmitt)

1.1 Only two civilizational elements

1.2 Concrety of the Flood

1.3 Element missed of sight

1.4 Icon and Land

1.5 Absolutly Amicus et Hostis — portraits in time and space

1.6 Nomos of fire

Notes

Glossary (short dictionary of geopolitical terms)

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