Ex-premier says initiative to impeach Poroshenko stems from Ukraine’s economy collapse
MOSCOW, June 23. /TASS/. The initiative on possible impeachment of the Ukrainian president is rooted in the national economy collapse and impoverishment of the population, Ukraine’s former Prime Minister Nikolai Nazarov, who now heads the Ukraine Salvation Committee, told TASS on Friday.
“The initiative of the Kiev Region Council stems from the dramatic worsening of the situation in the country in the past three years: the continuing armed conflict, economy collapse, growing prices and tariffs and absolute inaction of the so-called president and two governments,” he said.
On Friday, Kiev Region Council appealed to the Verkhovna Rada (national parliament) asking it to legislatively regulate the procedure of impeaching the president to kick off the process of removing the current president from his office. The appeal was initiated by the Batkivshchina factions and won support from 57 out of 62 lawmakers.
Azarov reminded that Ukraine’s constitution of 1996 envisaged to adopt this law but this idea has been blocked ever since. “Now it has become very topical. Poroshenko has lost people’s confidence. According to the latest opinion polls, ninety percent of the population have no confidence in the president: his personal rating is below 8-9%, his party’s rating is about the same,” he said, adding that such moods are spread across the entire country.
“Even in western regions, people demand resignation of the president. Lawmakers from the Kherson, Nikolayev, Zaporozhye Region Councils are oppositional,” the former prime minister noted. However, in his words, the future of this initiative will “depend on whether there are enough responsible lawmakers ready to support it in the Verkhovna Rada.”
“Poroshenko will spare no effort to block the law on impeachment. The country is ruled by a system of intimidation of dissenters. All who have ever come up with criticism are either dead, or in prison, or abroad. Buzina was killed, Sheremet was blown up, Katsyuba is facing criminal charges,” Azarov said, adding that the latest such example is a case against Igor Guzhva, editor-in-chief of an online media outlet, “who was not even oppositional but only wanted to be unbiased.”
“I support this initiative,” he stressed. “I don’t think Poroshenko is worth of being president. One cannot rule a country with such poor support from the population. If it is possible to impeach the current head of state, I will be an ardent advocate of such step.
Ukrainian Lawmakers Prepare Impeachment Proceedings Against President Poroshenko
A source from the Fatherland Party confirmed to the newspaper that Tymoshenko herself had initiated the legal proceedings to impeach Poroshenko. Her fellow MPs support the initiative, the source said, because “tolerating the corruption and abuses of power is no longer possible.”
The source also indicated that impeachment proceedings are supported by the Opposition Bloc and Self Reliance Parties, which have the third and fourth largest number of seats in the Ukrainian parliament, respectively. A number of individual deputies from other factions also support impeachment. The Radical Party may also support initiating impeachment proceedings, the source said, but only pending a final understanding of the balance of forces.
Ukraine’s parliament, the Rada, has 450 seats, with 27 of them currently vacant. The government is a coalition between the pro-presidential Petro Poroshenko Bloc Solidarity, and former Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk’s People’s Front, which between them have 224 seats. Tymoshenko’s Fatherland Party has 20 seats. The Opposition Bloc has 43, Self Reliance has 26, and the Radical Party has 20, giving them a possible total of 109 votes.
Article 111 of the Ukrainian Constitution allows for impeachment to be initiated by a majority of the constitutional composition of the Rada. This means that for the proceedings to move ahead, they would need the support of other opposition parties, such as Revival or People’s Will, plus at least some of the Rada’s non-affiliated MPs. Pending preliminary inquiries, which would include assigning a special prosecutor and investigators, the charges would be put up to a vote, requiring the approval of two thirds of the parliament, after which the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court would have to confirm that there is grounds for removal from office. Finally, after that, three quarters of the Rada would have to approve the verdict.
Several parliamentary factions of Ukraine intend to launch the impeachment procedure of the President of Petro Poroshenko. This “Izvestia” said the party of Yulia Tymoshenko “Batkivshchyna”, which became the initiator of the process.Supported the idea in the Opposition bloc and the party “Samopomich”. For the resignation of the Ukrainian leader speak and some independent MPs. The Constitution provides for impeachment of the President, but the law on the procedure for two and a half decades of independence Ukraine has not appeared. Now the bill is already in Parliament and should soon be considered.
As said the source “Izvestia” in “Batkivshchyna”, the party unanimously supported the impeachment of the President, because “to tolerate corruption and abuse of power anymore”. However, despite the fact that article 111 of the Constitution implies the possibility of impeachment, in practice, to remove the leader from power is practically impossible because there is no regulating this process law. In the end, the people’s Deputy from “Batkivshchyna” Yuriy Odarchenko, now the President of Ukraine may carry a political liability in future elections. His fellow party member, MP Borys Tarasyuk expressed regret that the impeachment process “has no legal mechanisms”, although the political motive for this is enough — the President and the government “has not fulfilled the task given to them by the people.”
Toonstitute for the impeachment for state treason or other crime. To remove the President, the Parliament initiates the impeachment, creates a Commission of inquiry, including in it the special Prosecutor and investigators.The results of the work of the Commission, the Parliament shall decide with two thirds of the constitutional composition make the decision to charge. The decision of deputies should check the constitutional court. In turn, the Supreme court should confirm the conclusion about presence of signs of a crime. And only after that the final decision is taken by three fourths of votes of the constitutional composition of the Verkhovna Rada.
— As you can see, the procedure is difficult and practically impossible. In addition, the procedural law regulating the mechanisms, the establishment and work of the special Committee on impeachment procedures for the verification and decision on impeachment by the courts as not. The norms of the Ukrainian Constitution are norms of direct action. But in the case of impeachment all the more difficult.Impeachment is a process, and therefore, he needed procedural norms of law. This is the only way to make the article of the Constitution on impeachment is not static, but dynamic and implemented in practice, — explained the “Izvestia”, the former Minister of justice, honored lawyer of Ukraine Olena Lukash.
According to people’s Deputy from “Batkivshchyna” Igor Lutsenko, there are at least six grounds for impeachment of Poroshenko.
— Most important: failure of the Constitution regarding the introduction of martial law during the threat, and the fact of external aggression and the failure of other powers of the President regarding the timely signing of important bills. Legislative work because of the inaction of the guarantor of the Constitution is, — said Igor Lutsenko.
His party colleague, the Deputy Sergei Vlasenko said that Petro Poroshenko “has already finalized five impeachment”. And Yulia Tymoshenko, speaking to reporters in Parliament, said that “Poroshenko has long had worked on the impeachment — from the moment I started earning on blood, at war with its corrupt environment.”
Is the first element of treason. In addition, he in three years pulled the many additional powers that are not envisaged by the Constitution, — said Sergey Vlasenko.
Together with “Fatherland” to defend the bill of impeachment, the Opposition intend to block, “Self” and a number of independent MPs. As report sources of “News” in the Verkhovna Rada, the final stage of impeachment proceedings against Petro Poroshenko will support the Radical party of Oleh Liashko, although the understanding of the scenario no action isn’t going to undertake.
— We support the bill, because in the normal state, in which they speak about European values and on the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, should be spelled out all the rules, as to recall the President because he is we — not the monarch. The law of impeachment must be passed, — told “Izvestia” the Deputy from the Opposition bloc Eugene balitchi.
The Verkhovna Rada held a meeting at which about 300 representatives of various political forces demanded to adopt a new election law and introduce the mechanism of resignation of the President through impeachment. On the eve of the Kiev regional Council adopted an appeal to the Verkhovna Rada with the requirement to initiate the procedure of impeachment of Poroshenko. The MPs said that the actions of the President contain signs of crimes against the sovereignty of the country, their own people, civil rights and national security.