Speech of A. G. Dugin at the round table “Russian-Iranian cooperation in the current geopolitical environment” with the participation of Ali Akbar Velayati in riāsi
We live in an era of transition. It is very important to understand the “transition” from what to what. The era of transition. After the end of the Soviet Union, after the 91st year was to develop a unipolar model of world order. This model, enunciated by Charles Krauthammer, American political scientist as “a unipolar moment” ended in 2000-m to year. Krauthammer himself admits this fact. Thus, we live in a point of transition from unipolar world. But the transition to what the world?
Unipolarity, American hegemony, American domination continues, she has not stopped yet. But it becomes apparent that in some perspective, as a trend, this unipolarity is not a long-term and stable may not last. Accordingly, gradually formed an alternative. Unipolarity ends and what begins? And it is very important to both Russians and Iranians clearly complex to understand two aspects: what we are moving (unilateralism), and where it is going. The second question – the answer is far less clear.
Russia has relied on the concept of a “multipolar world”. A multipolar world is not a return to a bipolar world, confrontation between the two systems. A multipolar world involves the balance of several countries ( not the Westphalian system), and several civilizations.
In today’s world, most nation-States formally recognized the sovereign, can neither be a sovereign nor free. Their sovereignty and freedom are a sham. In reality, the sovereign can only be those States that are able to defend their freedom and independence in the face of external challenge. Therefore, automatic recognition of sovereignty and independence is not yet a true strategic sovereignty. Hence the need for integration processes.Hence the failure of one, even large countries-such as France or Germany, and I would say, Turkey or Pakistan, and even Iran — alone to defend its independence. Necessary alliances, integration process, and therefore, Russia is building the Eurasian Union, post-Soviet integration. Therefore, there is the European Union as a system of collective security. And since Iran can exist as a sovereign state only in the multipolar world system, he also needs to think more in that direction.
In this regard, I would like to make a practical suggestion: I think it’s very important, maybe in the longer term, to be held in Iran conference on the theory of a multipolar world and Iran in a multipolar world, and to consider the system of Russian-Iranian relations in the context of monopolarity. This, in my opinion, very important because we know what we’re leaving, but much worse know where we come in, and even less we know the peculiarities and nuances of multi-polarity, what it means, and how it will affect Russian-Iranian relations.
I believe that now is the opportune time for the development of Russian-Iranian relations. Here otkryvatsja a unique window of opportunity because now more than ever, it is clear that Iran and Russia there are a lot of common interests and shared values. If we talk about common interests, first and foremost, it is necessary to emphasise what I have already said that Iran is a sovereign state interested in preserving its independence. But the same sovereign state interested in preserving its own independence, is Russia.From this it is clear that we are neighbors, and equally, we do not accept American hegemony — and the Iranian leadership is emphasized many times, and the Russian leadership is constantly stressed.
Note the history of sanctions. We are under sanctions for their sovereignty, and you have been under sanctions for their sovereignty, and it is not known how it turns out. And as a result, Iran and Russia are moving in the same direction – to establish their place in a multipolar world. Accordingly, here we have common interests.
Further, we have common geopolitical interests. I want to draw attention to the fact that, in large measure, Iran has historically been an obstacle to the implementation of the southern policy of Russia — tsarist Russia. Hence, the Russian-Persian war. But at the same time Russia has largely been a barrier to the implementation of the Iranian interests in the Caucasus and in Central Asia.
While we were in a state of hostility, we hurt and hinder each other. But today it is obvious, and history shows it that two such great countries like Iran and Russia, are not able to defeat each other. And we today have neither the desire nor the will nor the resources. And if we create profound geopolitical partnership, formed by the Alliance, the Union, all of us — and the Iranians, and the Russians — are implementing their strategic goals. And in the case of friendship, we will achieve something you never could achieve during the war.Russia will have a friendly country that will provide access to the warm seas, and Iran will get a reliable partner in the North. Together we will be able to proceed with the reorganization of geopolitical space in Central Asia in order to prevent it, the intervention of external forces.
Iran and Russia have common interests, common strategic goals and our rapprochement will solve many problems that otherwise will not be solved, including a fair balance of forces in the Caspian sea and throughout Central Asia to the Caucasus. Most importantly and most relevant today is Syria, because in Syria today, we’re on the same side. There exists not only the political but also the military presence of Russia and Iran, and Lebanese Hezbollah, are largely focused on Iran.
So today we can talk about the geopolitics of the Russian-Shia Alliance. Of course, Russia makes this choice not so much in ideological, religious as in the pragmatic sphere, but nevertheless, the fact of the Russian-Shia Alliance is obvious. I suggest to pay attention to it. And not coincidentally, the same forces that confront our two countries – Russia and Iran – in Syria, fighting us in other parts of the globe. And even in the North Caucasus, on our own territory. And in Bahrain, in Yemen – we are today on all fronts together. This is no accident. Russian-Shia Alliance – the imperative of modern Russian (and Iranian) politics.
And the last thing I would like to note that when we talk about the interests, the mind is important. Now, our interests coincide. A rare case when they coincide at one hundred percent. This is a very important point. And I think that you need to extract all the consequences from this historical opportunity, this historic chance. But interests all the same-thing is temporary, transient. Now they are, tomorrow they may change. And it is extremely important to Supplement our Alliance interests, the Alliance values.
And here I would like to draw attention to the amazing conversation I had some time ago in the Ummah with one of the spiritual leaders of Iran, who said that the secret of Iran’s “culture of waiting”, “farhange incisor”. But in fact, this culture of waiting for the final fair of the world, the arrival of Mahdi, the twelfth Imam, the end of the cycle occultatio, conceal great Gayby is very consonant with the worldview of the Orthodox Russian people. We also live in a culture of expectations, we also expect the Second Coming.And for us, the future we want is the future, not the present world, which is ruled by injustice, lies, exploitation and a just society.
And the last thing I wanted to say in this regard: it is extremely important the letter of Ayatollah Khomeini to Gorbachev, in which he warned prophetically that, if Soviet perestroika will move in a westerly direction, it will lead to the collapse of the political, spiritual, and geopolitical. And so it happened. This letter was word for word true. It did not pay attention in vain.
In this letter, the spiritual leader of the Iranian revolution said, note the two authors — only two authors he quotes from all the treasures of the Islamic and Iranian thoughts on Shahabuddin suhrawardi Yahya, and Ibn Arabi. But these two authors – a deep mystery, theorists East and, most importantly, Sohrawardi we meet with such terms as “the Western exile”, “wells in Western exile.” This coincides not only with the spiritual geography, but the geography of the geopolitical. West-this is the place of exile. And today we see that this is the place where the sun goes down Traditions.Then, in what has become the modern West – is the limit of degeneration and hell on earth.
So, it is Sohravardi, Ibn Arabi’s closest to the Orthodox mystical monasticism, our contemplative style and, ultimately, our sacred geography, where the East (and Russia is East) is the center of the positive pole, and the West – negative. Accordingly, the last thing I wanted to say, I think that the time in which we live, opens up the possibility for deep spiritual and religious dialogue between our civilizations, our countries based on a common culture of expectations, “farhange incisor”.