Denazification in the American zone of occupation | Colonel Cassad

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Grandfather in 1942
colonelcassad

Review material on the process of denazification in Western Germany in the American zone of occupation.

As the United States carried out the denazification of Germany, in
1945, the Americans collected ordinary Germans to dig bodies out of mass graves, to collect the dead in the surrounding forests and roads and to bury them humanly:


the Germans from Neunburg vorm Wald are out of the woods, dead bodies on the death March of the Jews for burial in the city cemetery


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen dig up from a common grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Captain Nathan knoll and other American physicians carried out by local Germans by the dead Jewish women, dug up from mass graves in Wallarah, Bohemia.


German with a Russian boy dead arms, just dug up from mass graves.


Under the supervision of soldiers of the 26th infantry division third U.S. army four Germans carry the coffin of one of the 140 Jews from a mass grave near Schwarzenfeld, Bavaria.


Under the supervision of an American soldier the Germans from Satrupa dig the grave for the burial of fifty-seven killed Soviet citizens there, among whom were women and one child.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Helmbrechts look at women’s bodies, dug up from mass graves near the town.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Helmbrechts pull the body from a common grave in which is buried a Jewish woman who died on the death March.


Under the supervision of American soldiers the people of Neunburg vorm Wald put in coffins, dead bodies on the death March of concentration camp prisoners for burial in the city cemetery.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the local Germans dig a common grave near Zeitz.


In the city of Neunburg vorm Wald in the presence of the local population and American soldiers bury the bodies of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March.


The people of Neunburg vorm Wald are at the cemetery the bodies of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March


German woman, resident of Neunburg vorm Wald are out of the woods body of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March


the Germans resident of Neunburg vorm Wald are out of the woods body of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March


Volary, Bohemia. American soldier shows local Germans dead bodies near this town on the death March of Jewish women from the concentration camp Flossenburg


Volary. The ceremony of burial of Jews who died near this town on the death March


the people of Schwarzenfeld dig graves from the total body venesky, Polish and Soviet Jews


The people of Neunburg vorm Wald are out of the woods to the cemetery of the body of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March


the people of Neunburg vorm Wald are out of the woods to the cemetery of the body of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died in this city on the death March


the people of Neunburg vorm Wald to attend the funeral of Jews from Poland, Hungary and Russia, who died this city on the death March


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


Under the supervision of American soldiers, the Germans of Gardelegen pulled from mass grave body burned alive on the death March of prisoners of the camp Mittelbau-Dora.


The people of Schwarzenfeld at the funeral of one hundred and forty Polish, Hungarian and Soviet Jews, whose bodies were excavated from mass grave near the town.


American soldiers crouched near the bodies burned alive prisoners of Dora-Mittelbau, open locals from a common grave near the town of Gardelegen.
in the background the Germans continue to dig


Woebbelin Mecklenburg. Soldiers of the 82nd airborne division watching the local Germans dig up from a common grave the bodies of concentration camp prisoners Wobbelin.

After the defeat of Nazi Germany by American occupation authorities for ten years was carried out denazification. In addition to courts, executions, lustration USA beat the totalitarianism of the Germans violent movie about the horrors of Nazism, as well as the work of grave diggers. It was impossible to refuse.

The US and the USSR were consistent supporters of the hard treatment of the defeated Germans. On the contrary, Britain and France initially opposed the excessive punishment of Germany. So, declassified less than a year ago, the British archives showed that at the end of the Second World war, Churchill and his government was opposed to the establishment of the International military Tribunal because, in their opinion, and this case, some Nazi leaders had to be executed, and others sent to prison without trial.As stated in the records, Churchill put forward the proposal at the Yalta conference in February 1945, however, it rejected Franklin Roosevelt, who believed that the American public will insist on trials, and Joseph Stalin, who assumed that public trials can be an excellent propaganda tool.

Eventually the British agreed to conduct trials of war criminals, despite the misgivings of some senior officials of the British government, who believed that the decision of the judge surviving Nazi leaders for waging a war of aggression can become a dangerous precedent. They also feared that these courts will be similar to the resonance the show trials in Stalin’s Russia.
However, the British had to yield to the allies, and also to undertake the denazification of Germany. In the first days after the surrender he was arrested and sent to a strictly isolated camps, those who held party positions, from the head of the Department, personnel of the SS, the Gestapo, the SD and the assault troops, regardless of position, heads of departments of such Nazi organizations as the Hitler youth, the guards of the concentration camps, etc. – detailed list of positions contained in the guide with the remarkable name of “Automatic Arrest”.Their total number was in the British occupation zone of about 90 thousand people, in the us – more than 100 thousand, 120 thousand Soviet.

In the population after the initial approval there was a growing dissatisfaction with the practice of denazification in General, and in particular, the questionnaire, consisting of 131 of the question, which was supposed to fill every working German. Although the British and French did not act too harshly, but in their zones, this procedure was delayed. Ration cards were issued only on presentation of a receipt confirming delivery of the questionnaires to the town hall (which emphasized “Law as…” in the fourth article titled: “Receipt of surrender of the questionnaire is an important document”).Also accommodation in the village and employment in an institution or a private company (and following the reception continue until dismissal) required the receipts mentioned. In the case of illegal residence serious sanctions has been the deliverer of the apartment. Specifically provides punishment by imprisonment or monetary penalty for false information in the questionnaire and the avoidance of registration.

In the American zone, where approaches to cleaning was the most severe, was reviewed 3.5 million cases and found: the main perpetrators – 1654; guilty – 22122; slightly guilty – 106422; companions – 485057; innocent – 18454; fallen under the Amnesty – 2789196. The first two categories went to jail, 3-I and 4-I was sentenced to correctional labor. But escaped prosecution had forcibly “denationalise”.The reformation began in some towns and villages with shock therapy, the effectiveness of which, however, was considered dubious: people were forced to visit the concentration camp in their locality, showed “voluntary-compulsory” to spectators a documentary about the extermination camps “is Millstones of death.” The Political Scientist K.Wasmund wrote: “Denazification and re-education, according to the original plan of the allies, have the same close relationship as the piston and cylinder machine… the Plan called education or re-education of adults and especially children and youth into staunch Democrats, with the help of robust, politically impeccable Germans, through the press, radio, films.”

Immediately after the arrival of the troops of the victorious countries were banned all Newspapers and radio stations, with the exception of military alliances, closed schools and higher education institutions. The first American newspaper for the Germans produced an army division of psychological warfare; it was planned to hold in their hands the publication of Newspapers until, until will not be found spotless politically conscientious journalists from the Germans.
The screenings were organized not just. For example, in the Soviet and American occupation zones, the administration had issued cards for products only to those who had the mark of the movie. In cinemas put such marks.

Three photographs shown above, looked like the movies about the horrors of the Nazis made propaganda of the allies. Propagandists sometimes even did not hesitate to counterfeit. An example of such a forgery have been described in the English “Catholic Herald” (Catholic Нerald) of 29 October 1948 it was written that in Cassel, where every adult German was forced to watch a movie about “the horrors of Buchenwald”, a doctor from Goettingen saw himself on the screen, although he was never in Buchenwald. It turned out that this was the film they made after the bombing of Dresden on 13 February 1945, where the doctor then was.After a RAID by Anglo-American aircraft killed 130 thousand people, mostly women and children, refugees from the Eastern regions. For several weeks afterwards the bodies were burned in stacks. These scenes were filmed by the German military cameramen, tape then fell into the hands of propagandists of the allies and they started up in business. But the winners were confident that even the fakes are for the benefit of the vanquished, knocking out one of those “Nazi nonsense”.

Another punishment was the burial of the civilians of those who died in concentration camps. The allies have taken “ordinary Germans” in the mass graves, and those all day dug up the corpses from mass graves to bury them humanly (allies this work also was needed to organize the victims of Nazism). It was thought that women through this kind of “denazification” must be at least 5 working days for men 10. Most poisoned by Nazi propaganda could work on the reburial month or two. In the photo below you can see how was this process:


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http://goodspb.livejournal.com/491875.html – zinc

PS. This picture is certainly not complete, as many Nazi functionaries and the performers were able to avoid de-Nazification, finding themselves in the bodies of state power of Germany or refuge on the territory of the United States http://www.golos-ameriki.ru/a/expelles-nazis-collected-millions-in-us-social-security/2490172.htmlin cases where these people were needed for military or scientific programs and the United States despite the stated stiffness, easily turned a blind eye to Nazi past people needed them https://oko-planet.su/history/historysng/107762-ssha-like-pribezhische-nacistskih-prestupnikov.html. For example, in the old book, “Shadows from the island of Usedom” https://www.ozon.ru/context/detail/id/7626955/ good shows how developers “FAU-2”, responsible including for crimes on the plant Mittelbau-Dora (the victims of which there are photos) appeared after the war on the territory of the United States, in order to participate in the American missile and space program.

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