The continued cycle of review material devoted to the punitive units APU parts in the fighting in the Donbass.
The regiment “Azov” in the fighting in the Donbass
Since the beginning of the so-called anti-terrorist operation on the territory of the DNI and LC in the address of the Kiev leadership, he was accused of using Nazi armed groups when carrying out punitive operations. Ukrainian propaganda made every effort to prove the absence of the presence of the Nazis in power structures. However, the Azov battalion , later expanded to a regiment, became a bright illustration of the statement “Fascism in Ukraine”.
The formation of the battalion began on 13 April 2014 after the decision Arsen Avakov about the formation of units of the patrol service of militia on the basis of civil structures. The battalion was initially joined by numerous activists of the euromaidan, encouraged membership in the subdivision known openly Nazi views football hooligans.
We should also talk about the presence in the division of foreign citizens. Already during the formation of the battalion joined dozens of nationalists from France, Belarus, Canada,Slovenia, Italy and Sweden. In particular in the battle for Mariupol the battalion took part the well-known Swedish neo-Nazi Michael Skeet. Not done in “Azov” and Russian nationalists, at least two of them were killed during the fighting in the Donbass. The author is known for certain about the presence of at least two of the Nazis from Perm in the regiment at the moment.
Funding generated units was carried out through several channels. So until August 2014 the battalion received financial support from the Governor of Dnipropetrovsk oblast Igor Kolomoisky, in addition the battalion was financed from the budget of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Ukraine. Subsequently, the first commander of a battalion Andrey Biletsky acknowledged the funding division of the former Governor of Donetsk region Sergey Taruta. In addition, the battalion was financed by the infamous Deputy of the Lyashko and leader of the Ukrainian nationalists korchinski.
Initially, the unit was armed only with light weapons, though the division has received several “gun trucks” on the basis of trucks. Also was organized to raise assistance from volunteers who gave the unit several armored vehicles, including the BTR-152. After the expansion of the battalion to a regiment in its composition was included as a separate tank company, armed with tanks T-64Б1М. It is also worth to tell about trying to create in the regiment “unparalleled” armored “Azovets”.On the basis of the bulldozer, converted from a demilitarized T-64 was created armored vehicle, fitted with twin 23-mm aircraft cannon. The observation of the surrounding terrain was carried out using video cameras for intercoms. However the armored car remained produced in a single copy.
The battalion was formed in may 2014, and originally consisted of about 500 people. Later was formed the organization “citizen corps Azov”, consisting of veterans of the unit. In addition the battalion had a huge number of supporters, who periodically staged torchlight processions, or protests in Kiev, if necessary, to put pressure on the current government. The first commander of a battalion Andrey Biletsky.
6 may 2014 there was the first battle with the soldiers of the battalion, in which 1 soldier was wounded. “Azovtsev” managed to kill one militiaman also was captured by the then Minister of defence DND Igor Khakimzyanov. It should be noted that during this period, and the DNI and LC were only in the stage of formation of the republics, the unified armed forces who have not been admitted major errors in military construction. So militia units located in different localities weakly interacting with each other.In fact, fighting to may 2014 were conducted only in the area of Slavyansk, which kept the defense garrison I. strelkov, as well as in the area of Lisichansk, where the act of the Brain. A solid front line between the militia units was not what led to the fall of Mariupol, which is still a bone in the throat of the DNI.
May 9, 2014 battalion “Azov” with the support of the APU units, reinforced with armored vehicles had entered Mariupol. In the city centre have been episodic clashes with supporters of a local militia. The militants “Azov” stormed the Department of the local police, and there were casualties. In addition took place the fact of opening fire on the participants of the rally dedicated to the Victory Day celebration, which also led to casualties. People gathered to honor the memory of our ancestors and their heroic deeds tried to push armored vehicles.Even in the absence of well-organized resistance to Ukrainian forces failed to take the city under full control, to 10 may, the national guard units were withdrawn from the city. During the events of may 9 were killed the first soldier of the battalion, in addition to the militia managed to capture a stalled BMP, which was later set on fire. Left by Ukrainian security forces of the national guard were captured 2 armored personnel carriers.
The leadership of the Republic was not the findings of what happened in Mariupol on may tragedy, the defense of the city was strengthened. On 13 June, the battalion “Azov” with the support of the armed forces of Ukraine once again attempted to storm the city, which this time was successful. The formation of the DNI was knocked out of key buildings in the city, which to this day is under the control of the Ukrainian security forces, and plays an important role for Ukraine as a whole and for the region in particular. In fact, Mariupol is the capital of the Kiev-controlled territories of the DNI.During the assault on the city documented cases of physical violence by the Nazis “Azov” over the captured militia fighters.
After the fall of Mariupol, the city became the de facto fiefdom of militants “Azov”, who controlled it until August 2016, after which it was withdrawn in Zaporizhia oblast.
Battalion soldiers and their civilian supporters actively participated in the attack on the Russian Embassy in Kiev, in addition to 20 Jun actively participated in rallies against the regime of cease-fire, Poroshenko introduced.
In July 2014, the battalion was not involved in active combat, still controlling Mariupol and carrying his usual punitive operations against the local population. In this period, international human rights organisations began to commit numerous crimes committed by the militants of the battalion.
In August 2014, the battalion took part in an unsuccessful assault on Ilovaysk was first confronted with organized resistance. On the first day of the assault, August 10, the battalion, came under the fire of the militia, have failed to perform any of the tasks, reversing the original position and losing three men killed. The fact of failure of the storm speaks about the readiness of the battalion, which had succeeded only in confrontation with a poorly organized enemy. During the fights for Ilovaysk unit lost according to official data, 6 people were killed.Among those killed was the husband of the famous Ukrainian activist T. Chernovol N. Berezovsky, voluntarily joined the Nazi formation.
Low losses of the battalion due to the fact that after the transition of the militia in a counterattack, the division voluntarily left the position and went to strengthen the defense of Mariupol, which was the patrimony Biletsky. Unauthorized departure saved “Azov” from getting into the boiler and subsequent defeat. Subsequently, the battalion earned the glory of the saviors of Mariupol, however, this is a result of Ukrainian propaganda. The attack on the city was not reflected APU units, it was not taken for purely political reasons.Official losses of the battalion near Mariupol was 3 men killed, indicating that the actual non-participation of the battalion in battle. In addition, in private conversations with fighters of “Azov” has accepted the fact the defeat of the reconnaissance division, and several fighters were in the prisoner.
During the period of the first Minsk agreements, the battalion continued to stay in Mariupol, participating in positional battles and incurring losses. The unit remained in favor with the Minister of internal Affairs Avakov and had major privileges in obtaining budget funding. In September 2014, the battalion was expanded to a regiment, while receiving their own armored vehicles and an artillery battalion. Fanatical devotion to the soldiers of the “Azov” of the Nazi ideology were allowed to use it to suppress protests from the population.So on September 28, 2014 division soldiers provided the demolition of the Lenin monument in Kharkiv.
Fall 2014 Andriy Biletsky was elected to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, although the regiment still is actually under his control. In this period, publications appeared in the European press, in which the “Azov” was accused of using Nazi symbols, but the support unit from Avakov allowed to avoid any consequences.
The next and essentially last combat operation “Azov” began the battle for Shirokino, in which the regiment took part. In the face of a looming defeat at debaltseve, the Kiev authorities needed at least a minimal military success, would allow to distract public attention from another defeat. Additionally, the command Mat tried by all means to delay the BCH units from debaltseve. In this regard, a decision was made to local offensive operations, unofficially dubbed “Offensive Turchinov”, who oversaw the action on the spot.For surgery was re-assembled, the color of the Ukrainian extremists. The attack was attended by the following units: the regiment “Azov”, a company of the battalion “Donbass”, the DUK Right sector(organization banned in Russia), company “Holy Mary”, and comes with the Caucasian extremists battalion named after Sheikh Mansur. From VSU participated in the operation 79-Oambr, 36 brigade of naval infantry and the 173rd marine center for special purposes. The initial aim of the operation was the capture of Novoazovsk and access to the border with Russia.
The operation began on 10 February 2015, initially Ukrainian security officials managed to achieve certain successes, using the fact that the main forces of the BCH was involved under Debalcevo. During the first fighting units of the DPR left the settlements Sahanka and Shirokino. However, Ukrainian law enforcers are unable to develop the offensive on Novoazovsk, as they were stopped by heavy artillery fire. DNR forces have taken a number of counterattacks aimed at the return of Shirokino, but completely to return to town failed.Local success was worth “Azov” at least 15 dead in a few days. In this period the soldiers of the regiment reported many Peremoga, and was made a unique statement about the downed su-25 Russian air force. The fighting near Shyrokyne has been reduced to another positional battle, which lasted until July 2015, after which the BCH units left the village in the framework of demilitarization of the area under the control of the OSCE mission. In the course of months of fighting, the village was completely destroyed. Losses of the Ukrainian security forces according to official data amounted to 60 people killed, the DNR acknowledged the death of 70 of their fighters.
Summing up the participation of the regiment in the war in the Donbass not to mention the fact that “basics” did not actually take an active part in the major battles of this war. The capture of Mariupol was more of a Testament to the weakness of the then DPR than a symptom of the power of “Azov”. During the fighting near Ilovaisk, the battalion made a willful withdrawal from the position, which also saved him from defeat. The participation of the regiment in the battle for Shirokino immediately led to a sensitive personnel losses. Actually the above is confirmed by the fragmentary information about the losses of the regiment to the Donbass.So according to official figures, the regiment lost in killed 27 people, although in the lists of names contained the names of 45 victims of the Nazis. Even if you consider that these lists are not complete, on the face of the fact that the losses of the regiment in significantly less loss of “Donbass” and especially “Aydar”. In fact, most of the operations of the regiment was to conduct punitive actions against poorly organized enemy and the civilian population of Donbass.
The use of Nazi symbols and ideology continued to plague Western society. 10 June 2015, the House of representatives of the United States Congress adopted the amendment, house members John Conyers and Ted Yoho, prohibiting the use of funds of the Department of defense for “the provision of weapons, training or other support for the regiment “Azov”” due to the fact that the openly fascist formation poses a serious danger for the Ukrainian people and the state. However, the willingness to use force against their own people doing the “basics” essential for the Kiev authorities and allows wards Biletsky constantly get away with it. High likelihood of social protests in recent times makes the regiment essential for the Kiev authorities.
you Can add on a few points:
1. In the composition of the NSU the regiment “Azov” received a unique privilege, obeying the command of the NSU directly, unlike other penal battalions embedded in the normal hierarchy.
2. “Azov” during the war received substantial financing from abroad, which causes it independent of the command of the NSU position.
3. In the state of the battalion were propelled monumenti, presumably in Bulgaria, and there was small arms of foreign production.
4. It should be noted that “Azov” was the only punitive battalion, which was deployed to the regiment.
5. It would be worth to specify that the symbolism of the battalion is a direct reference to the SS division “Das Reich”.
The previous parts.
1. 25th airborne brigade in the fighting in the Donbass http://colonelcassad.livejournal.com/3205583.html
2. The battalion “Aydar” in the battles in Donbass – http://colonelcassad.livejournal.com/3240562.html
3. Battalion “Donbass” in the fighting in the Donbass http://colonelcassad.livejournal.com/3243261.html