On diplomatic and intelligence coordination in the middle East wars.
On the eve of the beginning of military operation of Russia in Syria, September 21, 2015 by agreement of the military-political leadership of Russia, Iraq, Syria and Iran, had established a coordinating structure called the Information center (“four-party Clearinghouse” – Markaz Tabadul Al-Maalumat Al-Rubai) located in the capital of the Republic of Iraq Baghdad http://kommersant.ru/doc/2821293. Its goal is the collection, analysis and exchange of information on the movements of ISIS and other terrorist organizations in Syria and Iraq. The main efforts of the centre aimed at searching for and identifying terrorist targets for their destruction.The work on disruption of communications and identification of routes for transfer of fighters, transporting ammunition and weapons, means of transport of smuggled oil, is the exchange of the coordinates of the control points, warehouses, handicraft workshops for production of weapons and ammunition, laboratories for the production of chemical weapons of the “Islamic state” on the territory of the Republic of Iraq. Information that is transferred to the General staff, part of it is used for strikes on terrorists in Syria in the interests of the SAA.
In addition, investigation is conducted to control the movement of terrorists across the Syrian-Iraqi border and organized air strikes on identified targets. For example, during the government troops of the Republic of Iraq the operation to liberate the city of Fallujah in late July of 2016 was revealed out of the environment and advances in the direction of the Syrian border, a large group of militants.Thanks to the information provided by the Centre, the subsequent air strikes Air and space forces of the Russian Federation and Military-air forces of the Syrian Arab Republic, this group was destroyed in the area of border crossing Abu Kemal on the border of Syria and Iraq.
October 2, 2015, the head of the Russian delegation, Lieutenant General Alexander, Kurylenko spoke in an interview to RT Arabic https://goo.gl/vOCtAQwhere told about the work of the Centre and its objectives. Interesting facts:
– joint work with the intelligence information in compliance with the principle of equality of parties
– joint work should be aimed at harming the Islamic State, while the BIC can solve the other problems in the middle East
– the collection of information occurs both in Syria and in Iraq
parties coordinate their efforts in the fight against the supply of weapons and mercenaries terrorists in Syria and Iraq
– the centre is open for accession by other countries willing to combat international terrorism
In fact, the CIC (the Baghdad Information Center) has become an important element of coalition diplomacy in the framework of the Russian-Iranian military coalition in the middle East, which are associated not only with the support of the Syrian government, but also with the interaction with the Iraqi government facing many similar problems in the fight against international terrorism and the Islamic State. It is based on the interaction of special services of these States in the interests of the struggle with the Caliphate.It is not surprising that the activities of the CIC highlights so weak: cooperation is, first and foremost, along the lines of intelligence and information exchange, so the activity of this Union is trying once again not to advertise, so we in the press only occasionally see messages about its activities in the spirit of wisheshttps://ria.ru/world/20151005/1296934335.html on the development of coordination between countries at war with the Caliphate.
Naturally, this activity seriously irritates Americans, for whom Iraq in 2003 was perceived as its own fiefdom. In addition to political pressure on the government of Iraq, which according to Washington is waging war incorrectly and prevent the Americans, attempts were made to torpedo the work of the CIC, weakening the influence of Iran and Moscow in Iraqi Affairs.
14 Sep 2016 edition of “the Baghdad Post” released an article titled “the Sudden death of the Alliance of evil Moscow – Tehran – Damascus –Baghdad”.
“Sources in the media reported that the so-called “quadripartite Alliance” between Russia, Iraq, Iran and Syria, the creation of which was announced in September 2015, is dead. It became clear after the departure of the last three Russian advisers from Baghdad in mid-August, which the Iraqi side did not even notified. There are no hints for further cooperation and coordination between the four States on Iraqi soil, as mentioned in the stated during the formation of the Union returns.
First a few words about the birth of such a Union.
28 September 2015, it was announced on its establishment. October 26, 2015 the work began after the arrival of representatives MO the Russian Federation, Iran and Syria in Baghdad, where it was announced the establishment of the “United Cabinet, Baghdad.” It was decided to create an information center to coordinate the fight against ISIL, which will include representatives of the General staffs of the four countries.
Despite claims at the initial stage that the centre will take turns with the frequency of 3 months to work in each country, representation of the Alliance remained the first country of Iraq. In addition, other participating countries — Damascus, Tehran and even Moscow — has not made a single statement, which is much denied.
According to one Iraqi Minister in mid-August left the last three Russian adviser, and, suddenly, United the room emptied. He stressed that “dialogue between Moscow and Baghdad have returned to their usual levels: through military attache of the Russian Embassy in Baghdad.”
He also stressed that “the cause of the withering of this Alliance lies in the understanding of the old U.S.-Russian relations. Initially, Washington did not want to interfere in the Affairs of Moscow on Iraqi soil. But after this, Sunnis and Kurds refused to cooperate with the Alliance, although the Kurds refused to cooperate with the international coalition led by the United States”.
The death of the Alliance of evil
In this regard, senior officers of the Iraqi army confirmed that “the quadripartite Union is dead and forgotten. There’s no cooperation in the exchange of intelligence information or in the military sphere, in addition to the implementation of the agreements concluded between 2011 and 2014, on delivery of the Russian Federation ammunition for Russian weapons, standing on the arms of the greater part of the Iraqi armed forces. At the moment delivered only 51 % of the total number”.
In October 2015, Prime Minister al-Abadi expressed a desire for Russia’s participation in the strikes on ISIS in Iraq. Last February there were reports about the concerns of the American side by the fact of the existence of the Union. Especially worrisome were the increasing presence of Iran and Russia in Iraq for American account.
Earlier the head of Committee of security and defense parliamentary Hamid al-Mutlaq called quadripartite Alliance “Alliance of evil that brought nothing to the Iraqis and Syrians, except for destruction”.
On the other hand, the Vice-Chairman of the parliamentary bloc “Kurdistan Alliance” Mohsen Saadoun stated that the “quadripartite Alliance has not achieved any significant results in Iraq since its formation” and stressed that the Pro-American coalition did to Iraq did not. At the same time, to participate in a particular Union is not attracted”.
19 September 2016, the Department of information and press of the Russian foreign Ministry issued an official denial of this information was:
“In the context of counter-terrorism efforts of Russia in the fight against ISIS in collaboration with our partners in the region in the format of the Baghdad Information center (BIC) with the participation of troops of Russia, Syria, Iran and Iraq drew the attention of the common kind of Internet information resource “Baghdad post” message is very significant the title “About the sudden death of the Alliance of evil Moscow-Tehran-Damascus-Baghdad”. Citing unnamed sources it argues that the activities of the BIC is minimized, including stop sharing counter-terrorism information.It is noteworthy that this opus was immediately picked up by several local and foreign network of media resources. Note that this article is nothing but blatant misinformation that has nothing to do with the real situation. Its purpose is to bring confusion among our friends and associates, to sow doubts about the cementing activities of the Centre of Russian participation.We emphasize that the CIC remains an important tool of practical cooperation also with other participants in the fight against ISIL, keeping in mind that the interest in the maintenance and development of such interaction is confirmed by all our partners. A corresponding refutation of the aforementioned “information” stuffing was distributed by the Iraqi news Agency NINA.”
It is symbolic that the American stooges call the Alliance opposing the Caliphate “Alliance of evil”, as the regime in raqqa and Mosul apparently a long time was perceived as “good”, and the engagement of Russia and Iran, has seriously broken many plans associated with ISIS in the middle East.It is not difficult to see, “Alliance of evil”, which are Russia, Syria and Iran, as well as involved in the case of Iraq is of grave concern to us minions in the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan regional government, as Russia and Iran actually fill the void that was formed after the weakening of U.S. influence in the middle East and offer their scenarios of war with the Caliphate and international terrorism, bypassing traditional American circuits. At this stage this activity is related to the coordination of diplomatic and intelligence efforts 4 States.
24 September 2016 with an official interview to RT Arabic spoke https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVd1sJz6jx8 the head of the Russian group of bits in the General-the major Alexander Smolove.
The purpose of the interviews was, first and foremost, a refutation of the stuffing from the “Baghdad post”. However Smolove mentioned a number of interesting details.
“…it is obvious that there are forces that hinder the work of the Centre, therefore, these statements far from the truth. Work in four-sided information center and is continuously improved. We are constantly looking for new sources of information. In this process actively involved the power structures of the Republic of Iraq. Thus, in particular, exchange of data about militants from the Russian Federation and CIS countries fighting in Iraq and Syria. We reveal the routes of their delivery in a combat zone, training camps and funding sources. In this process actively involved the power structures of the Republic of Iraq, which testifies to the trust and close cooperation…
…we are open to cooperation with all parties to achieve a speedy victory over terrorism and the stabilization of the situation in the middle East. To participate in the work of the Centre and other interested regional and world powers…
…I would like to emphasize that the Charter four-sided information center is enshrined the equality of all the parties involved and confirmed the openness of the Center for accession by other interested States in the eradication of terrorism…
…today the Centre’s activities no longer fit into the framework of information exchange. We see the future of this body of military management in the format of the coordination Committee at the regional level, as it was originally intended. And it is through this Committee will be planned coordination efforts by all parties to destroy terrorist groups, including on the Iraq-Syrian border…”
It is not difficult to notice that the plans for interaction of special services of Russia, Iran, Syria and Iraq go beyond a simple exchange of information and distributed and on military issues related to possible in 2017-2018 operations for the liberation from the Caliphate of the Syrian-Iraqi border and the General increase in the role of CIC in middle East Affairs.
At the end of December 2016, the adviser to the Prime Minister of Iraq on issues of national security Faleh Fayyad (Iraqi colleague Patrushev) on a working visit held in Russia for 10 days http://russiancouncil.ru/blogs/ruslan-mamedov/?id_4=3054.
According to the news portal al-Hashd al-SHAABI, the meeting was attended by Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia, special presidential envoy for the Middle East and Africa Mikhail Bogdanov. Also al-Fayyad arrived with a message to Vladimir Putin from the Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abbadi. With 2014 in Baghdad operates the Clearinghouse. It includes Russia, Iran, Iraq and Syria. It is believed that it contains representatives of the Lebanese “Hezbollah” — said Turkish experts at the conference in Ankara RIAC and Center for strategic research (SAM) of the Turkish foreign Ministry. And they have this fact did not cause much irritation, which, of course, otherwise it would be perceived in the Gulf monarchies. In 2014 the spiritual leader of Iraq Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani welcomed the Russian aid to the country. Care remained largely relative due to the position of the United States. However, it is worth noting the important role played by Russia in the fight against ISIS during a period when the Iraqi army was defeated. Rapid delivery of military equipment to Iraq from Russia — first, su-25, helicopters Mi-28NE and Mi-35M helicopters to help the Iraqis to resist ISIS near the Baghdad. This factor takes on particular importance, given that the United States failed to provide similar support to its allies in Baghdad in such a short time.Russian machinery was transferred in the framework of the contract signed between Moscow and Baghdad, in the amount of $ 4.2 billion in 2013
Russia has positive experience of cooperation with Iraq in the field of military-technical cooperation. Perhaps one of the themes of the meeting, al-Fayyad and N. Patrushev and steel supply arms. However, this question might be not the only one. Recently the President of Russia appointed a new Ambassador in that country that can speak about some change of course. Probably talking about the revitalization of Russia’s actions in Iraq. However, you must take into account the political situation in Iraq, as well as its interaction with external forces.
Since the U.S. invasion in 2003 and overthrow of Saddam Hussein Iraq has traditionally been under almost direct control of the United States. However, undermining the statehood of Iraq only increased Iran’s role in the political agenda, and with the withdrawal of us troops in 2011, Iraq fell under Iran’s influence. And despite the fact that the United States retain their channels of influence on Baghdad, Iran today is one of the most active players in Iraq. In 2017 in Iraq after the election.From support by Iran of certain Iraqi political forces depends largely on how to move the political process.
Russian-Iranian cooperation in Syria has borne fruit during the year of active work of Russian specialists and VCS in the country. It was the support of Russia let the Syrian Arab army to stabilize and improve the situation in various areas. However, all this time human resources support to Assad provided by the Iranians, Hezbollah and including some Iraqi paramilitary forces from the al-Hashd al-SHAABI.Anyway, in all this there is a link: Russian-Iranian cooperation, al-Hashd al-SHAABI and their activities on the territory of Iraq and Syria, as well as the supply of Russian arms.
To better to understand what kind of person Faleh al-Fayyad, a little help.
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“al Hashd Al-SHAABI” (“popular crowd”) in accordance with the law of 26 November 2016, approved by the Council of representatives of Iraq is part of Iraq’s Armed forces, subordinated directly to the Supreme commander – Prime Minister of Iraq. The structure of the organization included 67 combat units.
In organization “al-Hashd” (“Al-SHAABI”) fight, as a rule, volunteers Shiites, who have sworn to abide by a fatwa (religious order) “reasonable struggle” (“adequate Jihad”). Later during the liberation of the provinces of Iraq – Salah al-DIN, Anbar, Ninawa is part of the “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI” included representatives of other religions and religious movements: the part of Sunni tribal militias, Christians, Turkomans and Kurds.
The official date of the founding of “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI” are from 13 to 15 June 2014, because in this period were issued religious fatwas. However, the official status of the organization received 26 Nov 2016. The estimated number of “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI”: from 60 to 90 thousand soldiers, while the total number of followers the organization is up to 3 million people.The organization operates in the provinces of Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Diyala, Kirkuk, Ninawa, Salah al-DIN – usually in these provinces have established special bodies of local government, “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI” like a local “tips”, subordinated directly to the headquarters of the “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI”. Weapons: Iranian, American, Russian.
Participation in operations: release Dzharf An-Nasr (24.10.2014, province Baghdad Babil), the battle for Amerli (11.06 – 31.08.16, province of Salah al-DIN), the release of Ad-Dallia (28-30.12.2014, the province of Salah al-DIN), the liberation of Tikrit (02.03 –01.04.2015, province of Salah al-DIN), the battle of the Badges (23.12.2014-22.10.2015, province of Salah al-DIN), battle of Ramadi (07.12.2015-09.02.2016), the liberation of the island of Samarra (almost all of 2015, the province of Salah al-DIN), operation “Split terrorism,” the liberation of Fallujah and the surrounding areas (23.05-26.06.2016, Anbar province), the liberation of the island of Khalidiya (30.07-29.08.2016, Anbar province), the release of Arcata (20.09.2016 – present), operation “We’re going, Nineveh!” (16.10.2016 – present, the province of Nineveh), several other small operations.
The leadership of the organization “al-Hashd” (“Al-SHAABI”)
Faleh Fayyad, the head of the organization, the adviser to the Prime Minister of the Republic of Ingushetia for security.
Born in 1956, in 1977 graduated from the University of Mosul, received a BA-birds. He joined the party “Islamic call” (“Hizb Al-Daawa al-Islami”). 24.12.1980 was detained by the security police of Saddam Hussein. He served in the prison of Abu Gharib five years on charges of belonging to a party “Islamic call”.Held the following positions: head of administration Deputy President of the Republic, member of National Iraqi Assembly, member of the Council of representatives of the bloc “National accord Iraq” (“Kutla al-Itilaf al-Watani al-Iraqi”) in 2005, member of the Supreme Committee for national reconciliation, member of the Board of aid Diyala province, was a part of various delegations and of the Commission on the formation of the Iraqi government, member of the “National Alliance” (“At-Tahaluf al-Watani”.
At Faleh Fayyad assigned a number of tasks:
– relations with the neighboring countries and other Arab countries;
– the normalization of relations between the various political forces of Iraq;
– the head of the Supreme security Committee communications and information;
Deputy head of the National organization for intelligence coordination, is also responsible for the issuance of a national Iraqi identity;
– the state Minister for security Affairs at the Agency;
– the head of the Joint Committee of the new Iraq camp.
Participated in the composition of delegations the numerous reconciliation conferences in Finland, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon, UAE. Participated in numerous conferences organized by the UN Agency for refugees.
Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis (real name: Jamal ja’far Muhammad Ali al-Ibrahim) – Deputy head of the organization, supervises the fighting
Born in 1954 in “place As-Sumar” in the old Basra. In 1977 he graduated from the industrial Engineering Institute in Baghdad. After military service settled in the main steel company in Basra, where he worked as a civil engineer. Subsequently received a master’s degree in political science, and then defended and PhD in the same field. He was a member of the party “Islamic call”.
In connection with the political persecution of members of the party “Islamic call” on the part of supporters of the ruling Baath party, detentions and arrests and the death of Ayatollah Muhammad Bakr Al-Sadr, in 1980, Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis was forced to emigrate to Kuwait. After asylum in Iran went from being an ordinary soldier to the commander of the Badr corps, occupying this position in 1985.
Was also a member of the Supreme Islamic Council, then one of the eight commanders command Council, subordinate to Muhammad Bakr al-Hakim. In this Council was in charge of political Affairs, while military Affairs was engaged as the commander of the Badr corps.
Shortly before the change of regime in Iraq retired as in Badr and the Supreme Council and worked as an independent expert, without losing, at the same time, their earlier ties. Then was tightly involved in the political life of the country, in particular, formed the bloc “United national consent” and, accordingly, the “Iraqi National accord”, and then the current “national Alliance”.
Washington demanded the extradition of Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis charged with the conduct of military operations against U.S. troops, so that he was forced to abandon his post in Parliament and wait for the withdrawal of us troops from Iraq.
At the moment playing a major role in military operations against ISIL militants, working closely with Qasim Soleimani (the head of special forces “Quds” in the Iranian Basiji) and, Hadi al-ameri (head of the Badr organization in the “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI”). Responsible for the planning and conduct of military and special operation forces, “al-Hashd Al-SHAABI”.
Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis, and General Qasem Soleimani discuss plans for operations in the Fallujah area.
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During the visit to Moscow, gave Fayyad participated in the analytical program of the TV channel RT Arabichttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ca_TACteWiU&t=637swhere the touched mutual relations of Iraq with Russia, expectations from his visit, prospects of cooperation, said a few words about Bice. The video lasts about an hour, here is an excerpt of a piece about the CIC (07:00-10:40):
“Journalist: speaking of military-technical cooperation between Moscow and Baghdad. The Baghdad Center was established. In the first months after its inception we’ve heard a lot about his activity, however, for safety reasons on the Center speak a little. Can you tell us about any changes?
Faleh Fayyad: actually, Baghdad quadripartite intelligence center is working constantly, and we are developing it. But by its nature, the Centre of intelligence.
FF: Now all the intelligence services of Iraq are working in this Center, established a quality information exchange. And I believe that the bilateral cooperation of Russia and Iraq’s military and intelligence lines after the creation of the Center received a boost to development, especially in light of how Russia is a large and powerful state involved in the fight against terrorism. Its presence in the region and the role is effective, and cooperation and collaboration with Russia is particularly important and also affects other areas of cooperation.
Reporter: Now the Center is Russia, Iran, Iraq and…
Fayyad meeting with Assad. January 2017.
Journalist: Yes, Syria. However, the fight against terrorism affects all Nations. Have you thought about the involvement of other countries or regional powers? Especially in light of the tangible improvement of relations between Ankara and Moscow and understanding the Turks need to fight terrorism as we see it in Syria.
FF: the truth is, Iraq is open for cooperation. We have channels of communication with all parties, which transparently and effectively fighting terrorism. We exchange information with many countries on a number of issues: the exchange lists are wanted, the search for terrorist networks. It is no secret that terrorism has become a global network that uses the benefits of modern civilization for the harm of civilization itself – primarily the Internet and social networks, not to mention other modern technical means.We have established cooperation with neighboring countries, but we cooperate with Russia because Russia has more features, its presence in the region beneficial. And I believe – and the Prime Minister (of Iraq, Haider al-Abadi – approx.TRANS.) this view is shared – Russia has enough power to win over other countries and their involvement in the fight against terrorism…”
In General, we can say that Russia and Iran within the framework of development coordination structures associated with the interaction to support Syria, carry out more ambitious policies associated with the expansion of its influence on middle Eastern States through the organization of strategic and information exchange with special services of other States in the interests of joint struggle against the Caliphate and other terrorist groups. This applies both to the cooperation with the secret services of Iraq and contacts with the Turkish intelligence service.The highlights of this activity are declared the equality of participants, the practical content of the work and avoiding idle talks in the direction of specific cases. It is also worth noting that a similar structure exists in the traditional area of US influence, but bypassing the existing organizational structures of hegemony headed by the international coalition. Iraq in this context, essentially in parallel, interacts with both the Russian-Iranian and American coalition.This shows the duality of the current political and military situation in the middle East, when the two warring Caliphate coalition in fact compete with each other for influence in the Middle East, and the local state somehow have to take account of the changed situation and this results in the observed movements in Turkey and Iraq.