Modern agents all drink more and more fail
None of the 16 intelligence agencies of the United States were able to predict the exit of England from the European Union.
Recall the intelligence services of the U.S. armed forces: the national security Agency (NSA), the Intelligence Department of the Ministry of defense (DIA), the Intelligence corps of the army, Intelligence, Navy, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, air force Intelligence Directorate, marine corps, National Directorate of geospatial intelligence, the National air and space intelligence. After September 11, 2001 were part of the CIA’s national center USA with combating terrorism, the decision of the Congress received the interdepartmental status. All the intelligence agencies, and their in the United States 16 (more “MIC”, №45, 2009), was given the responsibility to share information, including with law enforcement agencies on the ground. Previously, it was forbidden – supposedly for the sake of the privacy of Americans.
All led by Ambassador
The close cooperation of all security services USA has traditionally been carried out with the UK. In London on a permanent basis working approximately 70 officers of American intelligence. Basically it is representatives of the military apparatus headed by attaché of defence, having direct access to top officials in the Pentagon and Whitehall, and military attaches of the three types of the US armed forces – army, air force and Navy. Military attaché of the armed forces are employees of the respective intelligence services.
“ The NSA budget can range from 3.5 to 13 billion dollars, making the secret service the most expensive in the world ”
Residency of the DIA (and CIA) located at the U.S. Embassy in London in Grosvenor square and is primarily engaged in contacts with English colleagues and the organization of recruitment. But in addition, there are two offices of the intelligence. One regional center for the CIA in Western Europe – in London, relocated here from Paris in the early 70s. the Second is in the suburbs and is the base for training of specialists on carrying out subversive operations in Africa and the middle East.
All razvedstruktury converged on US Ambassador to the country, which, thus, is a direct leader and organiser of the activities of the American knights of cloak and dagger in the UK. He is always aware of the special operations and operations held on the territory of Albion. The Ambassador reported all the intelligence, through it is encrypted correspondence and diplomats collect information. The most important reports are reviewed and signed by him personally.
According to the agreements between great Britain and the United States operational workers of the various structures existing in both countries, is allowed to gather information, process it and use both in its own and in partnership interests. It is no secret that under the guise of cooperation, the Americans also interfere in British politics, doing so almost since the creation of the CIA.
In the UK the intelligence gathering involved four organizations. The largest of them – the government communications headquarters, which is responsible for the collection, processing and analysis of intelligence information from electronic sources. It was established on the basis of the government school of codes and ciphers, which in wartime was located at Bletchley Park (Buckinghamshire), and was involved in deciphering codes. During the Second world war more than six thousand employees of the school worked on German and Italian ciphers.Here was created the world’s first computer, used to read coded messages. Operation ULTRA, during which he managed to decipher the codes of the German machine “Enigma”, has become the most successful. It is believed that Winston Churchill led a military action in North Africa only on the basis of information received from interception of German data.
After the war, the government communications headquarters was located first in Eastcote in the North-West of London, and since 1953 had two of the complex near Cheltenham. In the first, Oakley Priors road, are administrative and processing centers, and in the second, Benhall Park, are located in the main lab, as well as the critical liaison to the NSA. The Treaty of 1947 at the electronic intelligence laid the Foundation of the Anglo-American Alliance in this area.
The headquarters and the NSA is a world market leading position for production equipment for decoding and interception of communication channels, and that they intend to keep. Washington and London prohibit export if the manufacturer will not give the government all the order-related documentation that it is an obstacle for the acquisition of cryptographic technology to developing countries. The leadership of the government communications headquarters is carried out jointly by the British Ministry of defense and Ministry of foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Affairs.The Director of the headquarters, as a rule, is Deputy head of the foreign Ministry.
Special service bi-Bi-si
The Directorate of electronic transactions and the development of specifications dealing with the messages intercepted by the network of tracking stations, located throughout the UK and abroad. Their total number is unknown, lighted those that are in Germany, Turkey, Oman, Gibraltar, Cyprus and ascension island. All received materials are analyzed to identify the source of each message and the establishment of new details of the situation, for example increasing military preparations.It is clear that many of the intercepted messages are encrypted and in such cases, the materials (copies) are sent to division “H” of the government communications headquarters, which carries out the decoding.
Specialists staff developed a transmitter that operates on the principle of “instant shot” that allows you to quickly send a large amount of information in a short period of time. Such transmitters – standard equipment special airborne service (SAS) and are also used by MI-6, receiving from the government communications headquarters a variety of technical assistance.
In the British electronic intelligence units work tens of thousands of people. Only in the government communications headquarters in Cheltenham occupied about eight thousand employees. The cost of maintaining the whole complex consists of about 500 million pounds a year. The staff provides information needed for planning and implementation of covert operations and also provides units that study them, the means of communication. Under international law almost all of the work of a staff of illegal.
However, he does not control the transfer of civilian radio stations engaged in this Corporation Bi-bi-si, located in Caversham Park, is the largest organization that monitors the airwaves of other countries. Such operations bi-Bi-si beginning in 1933, after the government requested detailed information about the broadcasts of Italian radio stations in the Arab countries.
Today the functions of the tracking service bi-Bi-si are listening to the broadcasts of foreign radio stations and the preparation of reports on their contents. Of the four hundred odd employees working in Caversham Park, about 120 is engaged in wiretapping. Every day they control approximately 400 news bulletins, comments and messages from more than 34 countries. The main effort in the old days was headed for the transfer of Warsaw Pact countries, and now – Russia and us-allied States. Under close scrutiny there are still some developing countries.Before the Iranian revolution and the entry of the Soviet troops in Afghanistan tracking service bi-Bi-si used four monitors, who controlled broadcasting in Farsi, dari, Pashto. Then the number increased to 12, and Iran got an equal with Russia, the status of transmission listen 24 hours a day.
Some time ago, the Pentagon began to reform the military intelligence. First and foremost, increase in the number of employees of which abroad. Over the next five years the number of them, including undercover (primarily diplomatic) will be increased to about 1,600. Now in the DIA abroad there are about 500 operational employees.
U.S. Department of defense is going to be greater interaction with the DIA, CIA and special operations command (JUICE). Priorities will be tracking Islamist groups in Africa and the middle East, supplying North Korea and Iran weapons to other States and modernization of the Chinese armed forces. In fact we are talking about a rapid transformation of the military intelligence Agency in a special network of agents.The Agency often hires civilians among University teachers or business in the strategically important from a military point of view. Dramatically increased staff and the CIA over the last 11 years, the Department for fighting terrorism has expanded from 300 to 2000 people. But unlike the CIA, military intelligence activities by Congress is not actually controlled.
Money for the expansion of the DIA included in the total expenditure of the Ministry of defense of the United States. But some plans, the Pentagon does not advertise. Speech, in particular, to increase the number of spies and the division of tasks between the CIA and DIA. This is primarily caused by poor preparation of the military intelligence, which they often have failed surgery or acted only on paper. Byword become a bad habit: the American James bonds alcohol abuse, poorly know the language, really do not know how to recruit agents, to analyze the documents.
On the CIA training base in Virginia recently conducted training for operatives new division of the DIA – Service undercover operations (Defense Clandestine Service – DCS). After graduation, they are sent to Afghanistan, Iraq, the crisis in the countries of Africa and Latin America. In the five-year term, DCS will become one of the leading departments of the DIA.
From January 2012 the United States has a document called Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21 Century Defense. It is said that the strengthening of China in the long run can affect the economy and security of the United States. Key points in the adopted military strategy of the United States are reduced to a relative decrease in the number of American armed forces in the simultaneous concentration of budget resources on the development of satellites and drones. It is also planned to redirect resources to the Asia-Pacific region.From this we can conclude that a document reinforcing the US presence in the Asia Pacific region, and the reform of the DIA – the links of one chain. Now China – the Central enemy of the United States.
Pierced at Clinton
Of special note is the national security Agency (National Security Agency – NSA). This division of radio and electronic intelligence. Formed November 4, 1952. The number of military personnel and civilian employees, the size of the budget – the largest in the US razvedrota.
The NSA is responsible for gathering and analysis of information by technical means, monitoring email communications, accounting of network traffic. Solve specialized tasks by obtaining information from communication networks of the foreign States by electronic and radio intercepts, of interpretation by using computer technology. The NSA is responsible for protecting the communication networks of the U.S. government against unauthorized access services RER other States. Puncture with hacking email Hillary Clinton on his conscience.
The Central security service (Central Security Service) – Department of defense USA, created to develop security measures for electronic communication networks and cooperation between the NSA and the cryptographic services of the U.S. DoD. The Director of NSA and chief of the CSB is also the head of the operational headquarters of psychological warfare and electronic warfare of the U.S. armed forces. Since 2009, these positions were held by General Keith Alexander (the NSA Director from 2005). The NSA’s activities are limited to electronic intelligence and electronic warfare, the Agency does not conduct intelligence work abroad.
Job category of the head of the NSA – a senior member of the U.S. DoD soldier in the rank of Lieutenant General or Vice Admiral. Deputy head of the NSA can be completed with civilian specialists MO USA. The number of employees and annual budget of the NSA is a state secret. The state headquarters is estimated at 20-38 thousand people. About 100 thousand specialists of electronic warfare, psychological warfare and cryptography work on U.S. military bases around the world.
Training for the NSA carried out at the National Institute of cryptography. This school trains not only for him but also for several other units of the armed forces of the United States. In addition, the NSA pays its employees training in the leading American colleges, including the military, and universities.
After Britain took the decision to “divorce” with the EU, American officials are trying to rethink their strategy. In their opinion, the most urgent task is the search for a new reliable and congenial partner among European capitals. However, few people are capable of, and furthermore accept is as active as London, to influence Brussels in times of internal disputes, defending the interests of the United States. Now it’s quiet diplomatic pressure, including forcing NATO members to increase defense spending suddenly declined.Even if the UK ultimately they will regain their former influence on the continent, which is quite controversial, it will be very preoccupied for many years. In addition, Pexit happened in a delicate moment when the United States allies to discuss what to do with Russia, how to breathe new life into NATO, to cope with the crisis of migrants. In addition there is the threat from “Islamic state” (banned in Russia). In the fight against terrorists joint exploration is crucial.But now with the trick of Britain’s long-term plans of strengthening EU influence in the region and the middle East was under threat. Brexit caught America by surprise. Rethinking relations with Europe, the new President will have to deal with for many years. Will help him in this the US intelligence services – the big question.