Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his allies in Moscow and Tehran have set the stage for an imminent offensive to complete the encirclement of Aleppo City following the near-total breakdown of Geneva peace talks and an associated ceasefire on April 19. Regime warplanes have resumed a campaign of aerial bombardment against opposition-held districts of Aleppo City. Meanwhile, pro-regime forces and their local partners have intensified their efforts to secure favorable terrain in advance of future operations in Aleppo Province. The current confluence of strategic intent, political opportunity, and tactical maneuvers indicate that the regime and its allies will act within the coming weeks to encircle and besiege Aleppo City as
previously forecast by ISW.

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