The 70th anniversary session of the UN General Assembly opened on 15 September 2015. It held in New York City and encompassed a number of issues about international affairs and outline goals for the next 15 years. Over 140 heads of state and government took part in the general debate.
During the session one of the issues discussed was a Russia-proposed resolution on combating the glorification of Nazism. Russia prepares this document annually. This year in the 70th session of the UN General Assembly and in the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II the draft resolution received support of 133 countries, only the United States, Canada, Ukraine and Palau voted against the resolution. Forty-nine UN members abstained from voting (mostly of them are EU countries). In November the draft resolution, proposed by Moscow, was approved by the United Nations Third Committee Human Rights Plenary and was submitted for consideration by the General Assembly. Then at the plenary meeting, the document wasn’t arranged by the same four countries, and was supported by 126 United Nations member states, including China, Russia, Cuba, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Argentina, India, Kenya, Mexico, Philippines, Serbia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and a majority of other United Nations member states.
The resolution concerns the glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism, former members of the Waffen SS organization and other practices that facilitate the escalation of modern forms of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia. According to TASS, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov focused on the significant importance of the resolution’s provision, which “expressed concern over recurring attempts to desecrate or demolish monuments erected in memory of those who fought against Nazism during World War Two and to illegally exhume or remove the remains of such persons”.
The resolution calls upon to enact laws that are necessary to struggle against racism and continue to take appropriate steps in order to prevent incitement to violence against persons belonging to vulnerable groups. In addition, the document stresses the need to counter the propaganda of racism and xenophobia on the Internet.
The document voiced concern over the rise of racism-driven crimes around the world and the influence that parties with extremist agendas are gaining. It is mentioned the number of seats held by parties of a racist or xenophobic orientation has increased in the national and local parliaments. It condemned any form of denial of Nazi war crimes, including the Holocaust.
Russia expects that the adoption of the UN General Assembly resolution on combating the glorification of Nazism will send a clear signal to those countries where the most decisive measures to counter attempts to falsify history are necessary. “The fact that the U.S., Canada and Ukraine voted against, while delegations from EU member states abstained in the vote on this draft resolution, which was supported by an overwhelming majority of the UN member states, is extremely regrettable,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said.
The United States, which annually rejects the resolution for different reasons, this year also doesn’t accept the resolution arguing that it is against Ukraine and it damages its interests. While Ukraine claimed it couldn’t endorse the Russian resolution, because it suffered not only from Nazism, but also from Stalinism in the past. In fact Ukraine has already made a huge step towards the glorification of Nazi war criminals. Ukraine even made it their state policy. Europe is also changing. Various neo-fascist organizations are picking up speed.
Actually, this is not surprising that the U.S. has taken such position on a question. Their government possibly will never adopt resolutions which Russia proposes, even if they about human rights matters. Since 1945 the US exercised unquestioned hegemony over the world. Immediately after the World War II, other countries including most of Europe and Asia suffered from food shortages, unstable currencies, and fierce balance of payment problems. They turned to the US for urgent economic aid. And the United States easily transformed its absolute economic dominance into political primacy in a short time. USA only felt weakness in the military arena because there was one other serious military power in the world – the Soviet Union.
After the victorious end of the war the USSR played a major role on the world stage. This is evidenced by the fact of country’s participation in the creation of the UN, where the USSR became one of the permanent members. The Americans and the British concerned about the Soviet Army – the most powerful in the world. Moreover, Western countries were concerned that the USSR began to lose the image of the enemy. The growth of sympathy towards the USSR increased greatly after the victory in the war. Thus the so-called Cold War began from the West.
Even during the World War II, the negotiations of the American and British military with the surviving structures of the far-right were in progress on the whole Western territory of occupation. The general principle in each country was similar: right-wing volunteers were organized in militia units, they were supplied with weapons, ammunition, radio, medicines and everything required. The codename for a clandestine NATO “stay-behind” operation in Italy during the Cold War was Operation Gladio. Its purpose was to continue armed resistance in the supposed event of a Warsaw Pact invasion. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, “Operation Gladio” is used as an informal name for all of them.
The existence of Operation Gladio officially recognized by the governments of Western countries involved in the operation. While the American government denies the charges stay-behind organizations with terrorism. However, the US and England created, whether they will or not, the largest and most powerful terrorist network in Europe in second half of the twentieth century. The extensive form of right-wing terrorism was in the countries of southern Europe, where the position of the left was traditionally strongest. For example, in Turkey, the Eastern bulwark of the NATO, generals didn’t even try to hide their involvement in mass executions and their financing from the USA.
Professor Daniele Ganser, University of Basel, considers that the “Operation Gladio” exposing is the best illustrates of the geopolitical condition, in which there were the countries of Western Europe after the war: “conditional sovereignty”. It corresponds to the idea of how “democratic” system functioned in the Eastern bloc countries.
The USA has tried to take the lead since the invasion of Iraq in 2003 when the United States had lost its credibility not only as the economic and political leader of the world-system, but also as the dominant military power. Techniques for the last years are all the same as in the “Cold War” period. Even the 2015 national security strategy (United States) refers to the idea that world domination should belong to America. The document was issued to provide “a vision and strategy for advancing the nation’s interests, universal values, and a rules-based international order through strong and sustainable American leadership.” Global events have now been confirmed: “Arab spring” in the Middle East, attempts the overthrow of Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad, the Ukrainian Maidan, the strong pressure on the EU, long-lasting anti-Russian propaganda.
The failure and hypocrisy of the Western coalition led by the USA are not difficult to see in recent times. The US has systematically supported the extremists and dealt doubly: playing off one regional superpower against another for geopolitical hegemony and control of the energy resources. The date 18 December 2015 is widely agreed to mark the fifth anniversary of the beginning of the so-called Arab Spring. Beginning in Tunisia, where Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in a small town, a wave of negative consequences spread out across the Arab world. This included revolutionary changes of power in about 20 countries. By the way, Barack Obama, the foreign Minister of UK William Hague, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the notorious Catherine Ashton praised the events in Tunisia, and also expressed sincere support of “the democratic aspirations of the Tunisian people.” After a couple of years in the Ukraine there were the same words of the same politicians.
An example of a neighbor of Tunisia, Libya, actually demonstrates how within a few years relatively wealthy and stable state can be destroyed. The consequences of the “Arab spring” affected the situation not only in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East but also in Europe (in connection with the migration crisis and influx of refugees).